George Johann Klein invented the electric-powered wheelchair in the 1950s. Considered as probably the most productive Canadian inventor of the twentieth century, his different notable innovations include the microsurgical staple gun, the ZEEP nuclear reactor, the Canadarm, and the Weasel all terrain vehicle. Klein was working for the National Research Council of Canada when he got here up with the electric wheelchair which was meant for injured World War II veterans.

In 2005, the first successfully working electric wheelchair was welcomed back to Canada throughout the official launch of Klein’s biography in Ottawa. The chair had been given to the federal government of the United States in 1955 in a gesture to demonstrate the commitment of Canada to help disabled individuals all over the world. It is now displayed on the Canada Science and Technology Museum.

The electric wheelchair has been dubbed as Canada’s Nice Invention. Its development was spurred by the inflow of veterans of the Second World War who had develop into disabled by injuries sustained in battle. The concerted efforts of the National Research Council of Canada, the Canadian Paraplegic Association, and Canada’s Department of Veteran Affairs resulted in an electric motor propelled wheelchair that was truly useful.

Earlier than the advent of this type of wheelchair, quadriplegics had no way to move round by themselves. A little earlier, Canadian Paraplegic Association founder John Counsel had efficiently lobbied the Canadian Authorities for the mass buy of manual wheelchairs. This helped paraplegic veterans however not quadriplegics. Dr. Klein, in collaboration with medical practitioners, patients, engineers, and scientists, then moved into the breach by originating the idea of the digital wheelchair.

Born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada on August 15, 1904, George Klein became an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1968 and was later inducted to the Canadian Science and Technology Museum Hall of Fame (in 1995) because of his work on the electric wheel chair and other noteworthy inventions. He died on November 4, 1992 in Ottawa at the age of 88 years.

His innovations, however, keep him alive in the memory of individuals all around the world, particularly of those who are enjoying the independence and mobility that he made doable by the electric wheelchair. At present there are a lot of adaptations of this kind of wheelchair, which has been customized to the completely different needs of individuals. Rear, centre, entrance wheel and four wheel drive variants are presently available.

Originally meant for quadriplegics and invalids who can’t self-propel a manual wheelchair attributable to sure disabilities, the electric-powered wheelchair is now also prescribed for individuals who’ve cardiovascular conditions. It can be designed for use indoors or outdoors, or for both. There are portable models and full featured “rehab” models. There are kinds that have on-board chargers while others have separate chargers.

The electric wheelchair is managed by way of joysticks or different kinds of units corresponding to chin controls or puff/sip scanners. These controllers can regulate not only the chair’s speed and direction but also different functional movements, such as recline, tilt, seat elevation, and leg elevation, that make its occupant able to perform sure motions and activities that may not have been doable otherwise.